Whether you prefer white or red wine is generally a matter of taste.
But if you want the healthiest pick, which should you choose?
Red wine has drawn lots of attention for its research-backed potential to lower the risk of heart disease and lengthen your lifespan.
Does white wine have the same benefits?
This article will review what you need to know about red and white wine — how they’re made, what to watch out for and which is healthier.

What Is Wine?

Wine is made from fermented grape juice.
Grapes are picked, crushed and placed in buckets or vats to ferment. The process of fermentation turns the natural sugars in the grape juice into alcohol.
Fermentation can occur naturally, but sometimes winemakers add yeast to help control the process.
The crushed grapes are put through a press, which removes the skins and other sediment. Whether this step is done before or after fermentation determines whether the wine becomes red or white.
To make white wine, grapes are pressed before fermentation. Red wine is pressed after fermentation.
After this step, the wine is aged in stainless steel or oak barrels until it’s ready to be bottled.
Summary: Wine is made from fermented grape juice. The grapes are picked, crushed and then allowed to ferment in buckets or vats.

What’s the Difference Between Red and White Wine?

The main difference between white and red wine has to do with whether the grape juice is fermented with the grape skins.
To make white wine, grapes are pressed and skins, seeds and stems are removed before fermentation.
However, to make red wine, the crushed grapes are transferred to vats directly and they ferment with the skin, seeds and stems. The grape skins lend the wine its pigment, as well as many of the distinctive health compounds found in red wine.
As a result of steeping with the grape skins, red wine is particularly rich in plant compounds that are present in those skins, such as tannins and resveratrol (1).
White wine also has some of these healthy plant compounds, but generally in much lower amounts (2).
Many different grape varietals are used to produce wine, including Pinot Gris, Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon.
While red varietals are used to make red wine, white wine can actually be made from red or white grapes. For instance, traditional French champagne is made with the red Pinot Noir grape.
Many countries produce wine. Some of the main wine-growing regions are in France, Italy, Spain, Chile, South Africa, Australia and California in the US.
While most regions grow several types of grape varietals, some places are particularly known for one or two, such as Napa Valley Chardonnay, Spanish Tempranillo and South African Chenin Blanc.
Summary: Red wine grapes are fermented with the skin on, which gives the wine its color and provides beneficial plant compounds. Grapes for white wine, on the other hand, have their skins removed.

Nutrition Comparison

Red and white wine have very similar nutrition profiles.
However, looking at the nutrient content per 5-ounce (148-ml) glass, you can see that there are some differences (34):
Red WineWhite Wine
Calories125121
Carbs4 grams4 grams
Sugars1 gram1 gram
Manganese10% of the RDI9% of the RDI
Potassium5% of the RDI3% of the RDI
Magnesium4% of the RDI4% of the RDI
Vitamin B64% of the RDI4% of the RDI
Iron4% of the RDI2% of the RDI
Riboflavin3% of the RDI1% of the RDI
Phosphorus3% of the RDI3% of the RDI
Niacin2% of the RDI1% of the RDI
Calcium, vitamin K, zinc1% of the RDI1% of the RDI
Overall, red wine has a slight edge over white because it has higher amounts of some vitamins and minerals. Nevertheless, white wine contains fewer calories.
Summary: In terms of nutrients, red and white wine are neck and neck. However, red wine has slightly higher levels of some vitamins and minerals.

The Benefits of Red Wine

Glass of Red Wine
Because it ferments with grape skins and seeds, red wine is very high in plant compounds that deliver a variety of health benefits.

It May Help Reduce Heart Disease Risk

Red wine is the supposed secret behind the French paradox.
That’s the notion that there’s relatively little heart disease in France, despite a tradition of eating a diet high in saturated fat (56).
Research has found that drinking red wine may have a protective effect on the cardiovascular system (78).
In fact, it’s been linked to a 30% lower risk of dying from heart disease (9).
In part, that may be because wine contains compounds that have both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. These help reduce heart disease risk (10).

It May Help Increase “Good” HDL Cholesterol

Red wine has also been shown to increase levels of “good” HDL cholesterol, which is linked to lower rates of heart disease (11).
A small study found that adults who were told to drink 1–2 glasses of red wine daily for four weeks saw an 11–16% increase in their HDL levels, compared to those who simply drank water, or water and a grape extract (11).

It May Slow Down Brain Decline

Several studies have suggested that drinking red wine can help slow down age-related mental decline (12131415).
This may partly be due to the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of resveratrol, an antioxidant-like compound in red wine (1617).
Resveratrol seems to prevent protein particles called beta-amyloids from forming. These beta-amyloids play a key role in forming the plaques in the brain that are a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease (18).

Other Benefits of Resveratrol

Resveratrol has been much studied for its potential benefits as a supplement. In these concentrated doses, resveratrol seems to have the following benefits:
  • Eases joint pain: It prevents cartilage from getting damaged (1920).
  • Helps with diabetes: It increases insulin sensitivity. In animal studies, resveratrol has prevented complications from diabetes (2122232425).
  • Extends lifespan of various organisms: It does this by activating genes that ward off the diseases of aging (2627).
  • May help with cancer: Resveratrol’s potential to prevent and treat cancer has been widely studied, but results have been mixed (232829).
Summary: Red wine has been linked with a variety of health benefits. It’s thought to reduce the risk of heart disease, raise HDL cholesterol and slow age-related mental decline.

Other Possible Health Benefits of Wine

A lot of research has specifically highlighted red wine, but white wine and other types of alcohol are also linked to health benefits.
Here are some of the main ones:
  • Reduced risk of heart disease: More than 100 studies have shown that moderate alcohol consumption is linked with a 25–40% reduction in the risk of heart disease (30).
  • Lowered risk of death from heart disease or stroke: In a Danish study, people who drank low-to-moderate amounts of wine were less likely to die from heart disease or stroke, compared to people who drank beer or other spirits (31).
  • Better cholesterol levels: Moderate amounts of alcohol also seem to improve cholesterol levels (32).
  • Lowered risk of death: Many population studies have shown wine drinkers to have lower risks of death from all causes, including from heart disease (33).
  • Reduced risk of neurodegenerative diseases: Light-to-moderate drinkers of wine or other alcohols also have lower risks of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, compared to non-drinkers (3334).
  • Lowered risk of osteoarthritis: At least one study found that wine drinkers had a lower risk of the disease, compared to beer drinkers (35).
  • Lower risk of some cancers: Observational studies suggest that wine drinkers may have lower rates of lung cancer (36).
That being said, it’s important to keep in mind that these studies are observational in nature. They can not prove cause and effect and should be taken with a grain of salt.
Summary: In general, drinking low-to-moderate amounts of alcohol is linked to a lower risk of some diseases.

Drawbacks of Drinking Wine

One glass of Red Wine and One Glass of White Wine
The biggest drawbacks of drinking wine come from drinking too much of it (37).
How much is too much depends on who you ask, since guidelines for low-risk alcohol consumption vary between countries.
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends no more than two standard drinks a day, five days a week (37).
Many individual countries, including the US, recommend limiting alcohol to less than two drinks a day for men and one drink a day for women. Some countries’ upper limits are even less than that.
A standard drink is defined as a 5-ounce (148-ml) glass of 12% alcohol wine (38).
Note that a lot of “big” reds, such as those from California, are often higher in alcohol, in the range of 13–15% by volume.
The health benefits of red wine can easily be negated by drinking too much. In excess amounts, it can cause organ damage, dependency and brain damage (3537).
Drinking too much may also increase your risk of contracting infectious diseases, because it may weaken your immune system (39).
Furthermore, drinking alcohol seems to raise the risk of developing multiple types of cancer (40).
These serious risks are the main reasons health experts urge people not to start drinking for the sake of health.
Summary: Drinking alcohol of any kind can have negative health consequences, especially if you drink too much.

Is Red Wine Healthier Than White Wine?

If you are going to drink wine, it seems clear that red wine is significantly healthier — or less bad — than white wine.
In other words, red wine is the clear winner when it comes to health effects.
That being said, consuming alcohol should never be promoted as a way to improve health, given that the harmful effects can be massive if you drink too much of it.
Additionally, most of the studies showing benefits are observational in nature, meaning they can’t prove cause and effect.
If you do enjoy drinking wine, red wine is the better choice, but limiting your alcohol consumption (or avoiding it altogether) is always the safest choice.

We've had a lot of questions on the who, if and whats about Nerve Flossing - so we decided to give the topic some love! Whenever we see a pain or symptom on BOTH sides - we start to think it may be more than a local symptom. In that case we need to open up the tissues that the nerves travel through, then do some flossing to get our nerves moving well through these pathways.

Featuring Mitch Starkman, Physiotherapist



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About The Office Series
We’ve heard it over and over again – “I don’t have the time!”. The Office Series is a solution for you. The Office series is a collection of solutions for common orthopedic office problems - from injuries to ergonomics that can all be accomplished without out ever leaving your office. The best part is that you can do ALL of them within your day – no extra time needed! Just pure awesomeness so you can, Move Like You Mean It.

About The Movement Centre:
The Movement Centre strives to explore, assess, and correct human movement by providing customized self-administered treatments that anyone can use through the guidance of a movement physiotherapist. The aim is to help you overcome your limiting factors, whether that is pain, performance, or both. Ultimately, we want to help you achieve your goals.

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Connect with The Movement Centre:
The Movement Centre ONLINE: http://www.themovementcentre.ca

Watch The Movement Centre CHANNEL: http://bit.ly/25edQAn

Follow The Movement Centre on INSTAGRAM: http://bit.ly/1Uf7QE9

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When in doubt, it is always a good idea to get assessed by your healthcare practitioner so you can truly Move Like You Mean It! This is not personalized medical advice.

This is a super important exercise to get those glute muscles firing! So many of us are weak here given that we sit for so much of our day! The key with this one is to make sure that you are fully rested on your side. DO NOT lean back on this one folks. People tend to lean back to recruit a different muscle in the front of the hip, the TFL - Don't be that guy!

Try for 8-10 reps, 3 sets.

Featuring Mitch Starkman, Physiotherapist

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About The Movement Library
The Movement Library is a compilation of mobility, strength and corrective exercises demonstrated just for you by a physiotherapist. We've included some quick reasons as to why you may need to work on each exercise, while emphasizing proper technique so that you can truly, Move Like You Mean It!

About The Movement Centre:
The Movement Centre strives to explore, assess, and correct human movement by providing customized self-administered treatments that anyone can use through the guidance of a movement physiotherapist.

We use real cases to identify, reveal, and treat movement dysfunctions as they relate to common orthopedic issues.

The aim is to help you overcome your limiting factors, whether that is pain, performance, or both. Ultimately, we want to help you achieve your goals.

***************************************

Connect with The Movement Centre:

Check The Movement Centre THE CHANNEL: http://bit.ly/25edQAn

Follow The Movement Centre on INSTAGRAM: http://bit.ly/1Uf7QE9

Follow The Movement Centre on FACEBOOK: http://bit.ly/1Vx371c

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When in doubt, it is always a good idea to get assessed by your healthcare practitioner so you can truly Move Like You Mean It

Nausea is something most people are familiar with. It is never pleasant and can arise in a variety of situations, including pregnancy and travel.
Anti-nausea medications are commonly used to help relieve it. Unfortunately, such medications can have negative side effects of their own, including drowsiness.
Here are 17 home remedies that help you get rid of nausea without using medications.

1. Eat Ginger

Ginger is a popular natural remedy commonly used to treat nausea.
The way it works is not yet fully understood. However, experts believe that compounds in ginger may work in a similar way to anti-nausea medications (12).
In fact, several studies agree that ginger is effective at reducing nausea in various situations.
For instance, consuming ginger may be an effective way to reduce nausea during pregnancy (3456).
Ginger may also be effective at reducing the nausea people commonly experience after chemotherapy treatment or an operation (2789).
Some studies even report ginger to be as effective as some prescription medications, with fewer negative side effects (1011).
There is no consensus regarding the most effective dosage, but most of the studies above provided participants with 0.5 to 1.5 grams of dried ginger root per day.
Ginger use is safe for most people. However, you may need to limit your ginger intake if you’re prone to low blood pressure or low blood sugar, or if you’re taking blood thinners (1).
Some experts also question the safety of eating dried ginger during pregnancy (1).
While there are only a small number of studies on ginger, the ones performed on healthy pregnant women report a low risk of side effects. Thus, most experts consider ginger to be a safe, effective remedy during pregnancy (3121314).
Summary: A daily dose of ginger may be an effective alternative to anti-nausea medications in a variety of situations, including during pregnancy and after chemotherapy or an operation.

2. Peppermint Aromatherapy

Peppermint Oil in a Small Bottle
Peppermint aromatherapy is another alternative likely to help reduce nausea.
One study assessed its effects in women who had just given birth by C-section.
Those exposed to a peppermint smell rated their level of nausea significantly lower than those given anti-nausea medications or a placebo (15).
In another study, peppermint aromatherapy was effective at reducing nausea in 57% of cases (16).
In a third study, using an inhaler containing peppermint oil at the onset of nausea reduced symptoms — within two minutes of treatment — in 44% of cases (17).
Some propose that sipping on a cup of peppermint tea may have similar anti-nausea effects. Yet while you have little to lose by giving peppermint tea a try, there are currently no studies that confirm its effectiveness.
Peppermint oil taken in pill form has shown mixed results. Some studies show benefits, while others find no effects (1819).
What’s more, little information exists on the safety of ingesting peppermint oil.
For this reason, more studies on peppermint pills are needed before strong conclusions can be made. However, smelling peppermint oil should be perfectly safe and seems to work in about half of people.
Summary: Smelling peppermint oil at the onset of nausea may help reduce your symptoms.

3. Try Acupuncture or Acupressure

Acupuncture and acupressure are two techniques commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat nausea and vomiting.
During acupuncture, thin needles are inserted into specific points on the body. Acupressure aims to stimulate the same points of the body, but uses pressure instead of needles to do so.
Both techniques stimulate nerve fibers, which transmit signals to the brain and spinal cord. These signals are thought to have the ability to decrease nausea (2021).
For instance, two recent reviews report that acupuncture and acupressure reduce the risk of developing nausea after an operation by 28–75% (2223).
What’s more, studies show that both forms are as effective as anti-nausea medications at reducing symptoms, with virtually no negative side effects (23).
Similarly, two other reviews report that acupressure lowers the severity of nausea and the risk of developing it after chemotherapy (2425).
There is also some evidence that acupuncture may reduce nausea during pregnancy, but more research is needed on this (26).
Most studies that report a benefit stimulated the Neiguan acupuncture point, also known as the P6 (27).
You can stimulate this nerve on your own simply by placing your thumb 2–3 finger widths down from your inner wrist, between the two prominent tendons.
Here is a picture showing how you can find this point yourself.
Once you’ve located it, press down with your thumb for about one minute before repeating the same procedure on your other arm. Repeat if needed.
Summary: Acupuncture and acupressure are two scientifically proven techniques to reduce nausea.

4. Slice a Lemon

Lemon Slice
Citrusy smells, such as those from a freshly sliced lemon, may help reduce nausea in pregnant women.
In one study, a group of 100 pregnant women were instructed to inhale either lemon or almond essential oils as soon as they felt nausea.
At the end of the 4-day study, those in the lemon group rated their nausea up to 9% lower than those given the almond oil placebo (28).
Slicing a lemon or simply scratching its peel may work in a similar way because it helps release its essential oils into the air. A vial of lemon essential oil may be a practical alternative to use when you’re away from home.
Summary: Citrusy smells, whether from a freshly cut lemon or from store-bought essential oils, may help reduce pregnancy-related nausea.

5. Control Your Breathing

Taking slow, deep breaths can also help reduce nausea.
In one study, researchers attempted to determine which aromatherapy scent was most effective at reducing nausea following surgery.
They instructed participants to breathe in slowly through the nose and exhale through the mouth three times, while exposed to various scents (29).
All participants, including those in the placebo group, reported a decrease in nausea. This made the researchers suspect that the controlled breathing may have provided the relief (29).
In a second study, researchers confirmed that aromatherapy and controlled breathing both independently relieve nausea. In this study, the controlled breathing reduced it in 62% of cases (16).
The breathing pattern used in this last study required participants to inhale through their nose to a count of three, hold their breath to a count of three, then exhale to a count of three (16).
Summary: Specific controlled breathing techniques are a free and effective home remedy for nausea.

6. Use Certain Spices

Several spices are popular home remedies often recommended to combat nausea.
Most of these spices are supported solely by anecdotal evidence. However, the nausea-fighting power of these three spices is backed by some scientific evidence:
  • Fennel powder: May reduce menstrual symptoms, including nausea, and help women experience shorter periods (30).
  • Cinnamon: May reduce the severity of nausea that women experience during menstruation (31).
  • Cumin extract: May help improve symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, constipation and diarrhea in individuals suffering from IBS (32).
Although these three spices may help relieve nausea in certain individuals, very few studies exist and more are needed before strong conclusions can be drawn.
It’s also worth noting that the studies above used doses ranging from 180–420 mg per day. These mega-doses are difficult to achieve through normal, everyday use of these spices.
Summary: Certain spices may successfully reduce the frequency or severity of nausea. However, large doses may be required and more studies are needed to confirm these effects.

7. Try Relaxing Your Muscles

Relaxing your muscles may help relieve nausea.
One technique people have used to achieve this effect is known as progressive muscle relaxation (PMR). It requires individuals to tense and relax their muscles in a continuous sequence as a way to achieve physical and mental relaxation (33).
One recent review found that PMR is an effective way to reduce the severity of nausea resulting from chemotherapy (34).
Another way to relieve muscle tension is through massage.
In one study, a group of chemotherapy patients were given a 20-minute lower arm or lower leg massage during their treatment.
Compared to those given no massage, the massaged participants were about 24% less likely to get nauseous afterward (35).
Summary: Relaxing your muscles, whether through massage or PMR techniques, may help relieve nausea.

8. Take a Vitamin B6 Supplement

Brown Pills in a Brown Bottle
Vitamin B6 is increasingly recommended as an alternative treatment for pregnant women preferring to avoid anti-nausea medications.
Several studies report that supplements of vitamin B6, also known as pyridoxine, successfully reduce nausea during pregnancy (36373839).
For this reason, several experts suggest taking vitamin B6 supplements during pregnancy as a first-line treatment against mild nausea (4041).
Vitamin B6 doses up to 200 mg per day are generally considered safe during pregnancy and produce virtually no side effects. Therefore, this alternative therapy may be worth a try (4142).
Nevertheless, there haven’t been very many studies on this topic, and some report no effects (1243).
Summary: For pregnant women who are experiencing nausea, vitamin B6 is a safe and potentially effective alternative to anti-nausea medications.

9–17. Additional Tips to Reduce Nausea

In addition to the tips above, a few other recommendations may decrease the likelihood of nausea or help relieve its symptoms. The most common include (4445):
  1. Avoid spicy or fatty foods: A blander diet made up of foods such as bananas, rice, applesauce, crackers or baked potatoes may relieve nausea and decrease the likelihood of an upset stomach.
  2. Add protein to your meals: Protein-rich meals may fight off nausea better than meals high in fat or carbs (46).
  3. Avoid large meals: Opting for smaller, more frequent meals when you’re feeling nauseated may help reduce your symptoms.
  4. Stay upright after you eat: Some people are more likely to experience reflux or become nauseous if they lie down within 30 to 60 minutes following a meal.
  5. Avoid drinking with meals: Drinking any liquids with meals may increase feelings of fullness, which may worsen nausea in some individuals.
  6. Stay hydrated: Dehydration can worsen nausea. If your nausea is accompanied by vomiting, replace your lost fluids with electrolyte-rich fluids such as flat mineral water, vegetable broth or a sports drink.
  7. Avoid strong smells: These may worsen nausea, especially during pregnancy.
  8. Avoid iron supplements: Pregnant women with normal iron levels should avoid taking iron supplements during the first trimester because they may worsen feelings of nausea (47).
  9. Exercise: Aerobic exercise and yoga may be particularly helpful ways to reduce nausea in some individuals (4849).
It’s worth noting that most of these last tips are only supported by anecdotal evidence. That said, they pose little risk and may be worthy trying.
Summary: The tips above may prevent or relieve nausea, according to anecdotal evidence. Most of these treatments haven’t been studied.

The Bottom Line

Nausea can happen in many situations and often makes you feel terrible.
The natural tips above can help reduce nausea without using medications.
That said, if your nausea persists, you should definitely seek additional advice from your healthcare practitioner.